Monday, June 29, 2020
A Study Of The Uses Of The Arabic First Person Plural Pronoun Nahnu We In The Shamela Library Books (Research Paper Sample) Content: A STUDY OF THE USES OF THE ARABIC FIRST PERSON PLURAL PRONOUN NAHNU WE IN THE SHAMELA LIBRARY BOOKSNameInstitution2.1 PragmaticsPragmatics manages articulations, by which we will mean particular occasions, the purposeful demonstrations of speakers now and again and places, normally including dialect. Rationale and semantics generally manage properties of sorts of expressions, and not with properties that contrast from token to token, or use to utilize, or, as we might state, from articulation to articulation, and fluctuate with the specific properties that separate them. Pragmatics is now and then portrayed as managing the impacts of setting. This is identical to stating it manages expressions, on the off chance that one all things considered alludes to every one of the actualities that can shift from articulation to expression as "setting." One must be watchful, nonetheless, for the term is regularly utilized with more constrained meanings.Whether one states or just proposes, promises or simply shows an aim, induces or only contends, depends not just on the strict meaning of one's words, yet what one plans to do with them, and the institutional and social setting in which the etymological action happens. One thing a speaker may plan to do, and be taken to do, in saying "I'll be there to get you at six," is to promise to get her audience around then. The capacity to promise and to mean to promise apparently relies on upon the presence of a social practice or set of traditions about what a promise is and what constitutes promising. Austin particularly stressed the significance of social truth and traditions in getting things done with words, specifically as for the class of discourse acts known as illocutionary acts (Austin, 1961).John R. Searle (1985) created discourse act theory as a theory of the constitutive principles for performing illocutionary acts, i.e., the tenets that tell what performing (effectively) an illocutionary demonstration (w ith certain illocutionary drive and certain propositional content) comprises in. The tenets are named (i) propositional content guidelines, which put conditions on the propositional substance of some illocutionary demonstrations; (ii) preliminary standards, which tell what the speaker will infer in the execution of the illocutionary demonstrations; (iii) earnestness controls, that tell what mental express the speaker communicates to be in; and (iv) fundamental principles, which let us know what the activity comprises in basically. Therefore, the study of the uses of the first person pronoun Nanhu becomes critical in its Endeavour to put to light the difficulties associated with the use of Nanhu. By relating with the different theories, we are able to understand the different ways in which we can distinguish implicature from articulation meaning.Grice's purported theory of discussion begins with a sharp qualification between what somebody says and what somebody "implicates" by expres sing a sentence. What somebody says is dictated by the customary meaning of the sentence articulated and logical procedures of disambiguation and reference altering; what she implicates is connected with the presence of some levelheaded standards and adages administering discussion (putting aside "routine implicatures" which we talk about beneath). What is said has been generally related to the exacting substance of the expression; what is involved, the implicature, with the non-strict, what it is (purposefully) conveyed, yet not said, by the speaker (Grice 1967a/ 1989, p. 24).Pragmatics relates to extraction of the implicated meaning of an articulation. This is especially important given the differences that exist between the implicated meaning and the articulated meaning. The four theorists, Levinson, Grice, Austin and Searle discusses the how the theory of pragmatics explains and guides leaners on how to decipher the implicated meaning and how to differentiate the implicature fro m articulation meanings.Diverse scholars have concentrated on various properties of expressions. To examine them it will be useful to make a qualification between 'near-side pragmatics' and 'far-side pragmatics.' The photo is this. The articulations scholars normally take as paradigmatic are emphatic employments of explanatory sentences, where the speaker says something. Near-side pragmatics is concerned with the way of specific realities that are significant to figuring out what is said. Far-side pragmatics is centered around what happens past saying: what discourse acts are performed in or by saying what is said, or what implicatures are created by saying what is said (Korta Perry, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pragmatics/#Far1.1, 2 April, 2015). Near- side and far side pragmatics are especially important in the study of the first pronoun Nanhu as it helps us to reduce the vagueness in the articulated and implicated meanings. Ambiguity is among the major problems which are f acing the use of the first pronoun Nanhu especially due to the different meanings which exist due to different meanings based on the situation/ environment of the use of the first person pronoun Nanhu. The use of the first pronoun Nanhu is closely related to Near side and far side pragmatics in that, the different uses of Nanhu are differentiated from their implicatures as indicated in the far side pragmatics, and the study of Nanhu is more concerned with resolving the intended versus communicated meaning of different uses of Nanhu which is similar to near side pragmatics.The concept of pragmatics brings about an important aspect to determine in the study of the use of the singular pronoun Nanhu, the concept of social order or customary acts. Therefore, the articulated meaning of a sentence or a word such as singular pronoun Nanhu has to be analyzed from all angles including the social response to the articulation of the word. The way one reacts to an articulation is to a big extent affected by the social rules. To promise is one thing, to mean is entirely another thing. The uses of Nanhu in different situational contexts can be closely related to the social origin of the different words. For example, the reaction of the use of the singular pronoun Nanhu in context where there is reference of a superior being resolves to a reaction of honor and respect. The field of this study is pragmatics. The study addresses different theories of pragmatics, both near side and far side pragmatics, in an attempt to resolve the uses of the singular pronoun Nanhu.2.2 Approaches to the use of the first person plural pronoun Nahnu We as a singular pronounLinguistic Approaches to PronounAs Chapter discusses, the power and solidarity standards distinguished by Brown and Gilman (1960) show themselves in an assortment of routes in pronoun use which develop well past the utilization of T and V shapes in the second person. (p.182)6.4.1 Is it IÃ or WeÃ It is uncommon for a lawmake r to utilize "we" when the reference is unambiguously solitary: he or she will unavoidably be blamed for utilizing the 'royal we', which as per Brown and Gilman (1960) may have its roots in the Latin utilized by Roman rulers, and in to some degree later times have turned into a custom among British royalty. Margaret Thatcher's declaration "We are a grandmother" was in this manner treated with unsurprising scorn.Blackwell (2007) indicated that," Beard remarks that first person solitary structures have the upside of demonstrating person association, however the burden of sounding grandiose when sharing great news and of indicating where the accuse lies when bearing terrible news: "The benefit of the plural pronouns: we, us, ours, ourselves, are [sic] that they share the obligation." (p. 189).In any case, it is not generally simple to characterize precisely who "we" alludes to. Now and again the academic "we" truly indicates that there is an organization or a group behind the examinati on and the same can be said of the political 'we', so that in composing at any rate it is conceivable that there truly is a first person plural. All the more frequently, however, "we" incorporates a component of second person, or third person, or both. There is a long-standing conventional qualification between 'inclusive we' (i.e. first in addition to second person, including the listener/peruser) and 'exclusive we' (i.e. barring the listener/peruser: in actuality it must incorporate somebody other than the speaker, who might possibly be available) (Blackwell, 2007).Fairclough , for one, has a tendency to depend on the customary 'inclusive'/"elite" polarity, yet he concedes. I will contend from my information that the traditional qualification does not go anyplace close sufficiently far. Facial hair recommends four potential outcomes for the politicians 'we': these are, no less than, a beginning stage, yet he just considers "restrictive" variations here: (1) "I" in addition to one other (minister + prime minister) (2) "I" in addition to a gathering (minister + government) (3) "I" in addition to the entire nation (minister + persons of Britain) (4) "I" in addition to whatever is left of humankind (minister + persons all around) (as cited in Blackwell, 2007, p. 190).Inclusive and exclusive 'we', then, are not homogeneous, indissoluble classes. Generally as legislators can slide easily amongst inclusive and exclusive utilization of 'we', so they can obscure the qualification between different distinctive inclusive or exclusive 'we's inside a similar discourse occasion (as cited in Blackwell, 2007, p. 191).Social Variations and Degrees of RegardGreenberg, Ferguson, Moravcsik (1978) stated variety of numbers that show degrees of regard or social separation are found in pronominal reference ...
Thursday, June 4, 2020
Pay for performance in Healthcare Services (Essay Sample) Content: Pay-For-PerformanceStudentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s Name:Institutional Affiliation:Pay-For-PerformanceWorkforce in any company, institution or organization is very paramount. Their output depends on their motivations they are being offered, managing approaches among other issues. Different sectors have embraced varied approaches to reward their workforce whenever they achieve the set objectives or produce outstanding results. In health care, one of the approaches widely used is the pay-for-performance (Hahn, 2006). This term describes a complementary health care payment model that involves offering financial rewards to health providers who achieves the set objective or even exceeds the quality benchmarks of the institution (Petersen et al. 2006). This is basically performance dependent model. Performance can be assessed using different methods including relative comparisons, or using benchmarks. In this approach, payments can be made at individual level, group or institutional lev el (Hahn, 2006).Introduction of pay-for-performance has really affected reimbursement in health care services. As compared to other payment modes such as fee-for-service, this approach has altered the existing financial incentives the in turn influences physicians in one way or another. Based on practice, there are services reimbursed generously than others. Pay-for-performance has influenced the physiciansÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ choice of treatments among other therapeutic options and thus encouraging the procedural care approach (Petersen et al. 2006). Unlike for pay-for-performance, in approaches like fee-for-service, payments made to physicians are not linked to the services rendered, thereby raising concerns about undersupply of needed services. Pay-for-performance has made it easier for high value of services offered by the physicians (Petersen et al. 2006).The pay-for-performance approach has a positive impact on quality and efficiency of health care. This payment mode will require that the physicians involved are paid according to the services rendered. Additionally, their pay will also be dictated by their performance as compared to preset quality objectives. It serves to correct other approaches like fee-for-performance where high volumes of services was offered without considering the value of service to the particular patient. In this approach, physicians become keener as they aim at good performance and thus making their services efficient and quality (Petersen et al. 2006).This model has affected healthcare providers and their customers in various ways. Pay-for-performance has made some health care providers to have a narrow clinical focus (Hahn, 2006). This is attributed to the fact that pay-for-performance programs narrowly depends on set of quality measures designed for a given number of services as well as patient groups. For its incentives have been considered effective, so...
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Imagine that you are the hero of a village. You are the person that everyone looks up to- you have all the fame and fortune you could possibly want. But, this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just come to you on a silver platter. There are risks to take, challenges to overcome, and lives to be put at stake. You must defeat creatures of all sizes and strengths to gain this honorary title. This is BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s reality as he must conquer unbelievable tasks that nobody else would dare to face. Because of this, Beowulf is recognized as a boasting person, brave, and selfless; and rightfully so. With every hero comes accomplishments that they want others to know about. In other words, Beowulf blurts out his personal resume to show others that he is the bravest man alive.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This shows that Beowulf is still showing no signs of fear at the point where others would have run away. All in all, Beowulf is a very brave person that can succeed at almost anything he is faced with. Although boasting and bravery are strong qualities, you also need to have a little bit of a warm heart to be a hero. Beowulf is selfless, a important word to signify that he would do anything to protect others. The first quote to show of BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s selflessness is, Ã¢â¬Å"I mean to stand, not run from his shooting Flames, stand till fate decides Which of us wins.Ã¢â¬ (638-639). This means that Beowulf is standing his ground until fate takes its course, which is selfless because he is giving his life up if that is what fate decides in order to rid of the dragon. Another notable text from the book is, Ã¢â¬Å"A prince of the Geats, had killed Grendel. Ended the grief, the sorrow, the suffering forced on Hrothgars helpless people by a bloodthirsty fiend. No Dance doubted the Victory.Ã¢â¬ (404-408). It can clearly be inferred that the people of the land were in Ã¢â¬ËgriefÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËsorrowÃ¢â¬â¢ and were Ã¢â¬ËsufferingÃ¢â¬â¢ because of Grendel. But, because Beow ulf defeated him that grief and sorrow has been eased. Beowulf wants fame and fortune, but to also help the people who need it. Beowulf has done and said many things that that earned him the titles of boasting, selfless, and boasting. He has saved countlessShow MoreRelatedCompare And Contrast Sir Gawain And Beowulf930 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessomething such as brave, noble, or selfless in the eyes of the people that are around them. All heroes have done something that has helped out for the good of another person, even if they are doing it for their own personal benefit. Heroes are those who have the strength and courage to solve a problem when it could or was not done by anyone else. Sir Gawain and Beowulf are heroes in literature who have done something important and have come to the rescue of others. Sir Gawain and Beowulf from these differentRead MoreThe Similarities Of An Epic Hero In Beowulf And Iron Man1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPeople believe being a hero means saving the worl d, but that is not always true. In Beowulf and Iron Man, the use of theme and qualities of an epic hero are used to portray that they are similar and different. Three qualities that an epic hero must have are to be courageous, to have superhuman strength, and to be selfless. The theme in Beowulf and Iron Man is triumph because they both overcome challenging obstacles. The theme helps the reader in real life because that person will have to overcomeRead MoreTheme Of Evil In Beowulf996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeowulf versus Evil Ã Ã Ã Heroes can be in our everyday life or someone youÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen only once but all of our heroes have something in common. Their heroic traits make up who they are and some character traits my heroes have in common are kindness, courage, intelligence, and empathy. Beowulf is also a hero in my eyes because he possesses all of these traits and more. What traits do your heroes have in common? Robert NyeÃ¢â¬â¢s long poem, Beowulf: a New Telling, is a fictional long poem about a hero, BeowulfRead MoreThe Importance of Helping Others1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesexplains my experience because we were going to give up and that was what was right we believed we could not but we kept trying and found out that we could. The subjects from the assigned literature represent the distance of personal traits from the brave to the nefarious, and those with less dramatic characteristics. Man in the Water is a story about a plane that crashes into the Potomac river and the last survivors are floating in the water waiting for rescue. The water is freezing and the helicopterRead MoreBeowulf: The Selfless Hero Essay examples722 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBeowulf: The Selfless Hero Beowulf is an epic poem that describes the heroics of a man with superhuman strength and bravery to go with it. The poem starts with a journey across the sea to defeat an enemy that has plagued the land of Herot for twelve years. The poem ends with BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s final deed of defeating a dragon that was plaguing his own land, but with the defeat of the dragon also comes the death of Beowulf. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a poem of bravery by one of King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s knightsRead MoreHeroism : Beowulf And Cuchallain928 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson who might qualify to be a hero. While a few people could qualify to be called a hero, many people have done some heroic things at some point in their life; Beowulf and Cuchallain demonstrated heroism through their actions. A hero in the medieval times is considered to be someone that is a noble character that fights for his honor or the honor of his kingdom or community and also someone that is willing to risk his or her life for the greater good. Beowulf was a brave man that volunteered to fightRead MoreBeowulf : Characteristics Of An Epic Hero978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages2Y English 12 20/11/17 Beowulf: Characteristics of an Epic Hero In Anglo-Saxon literature and culture, to be considered a hero was to also be considered a warrior/ soldier. To be a hero, you had to not only be strong but you also had to be smart, and have plenty of courage. These warriors were willing to face any type of trials and tribulations at any odd. These types of heroic warriors would fight to the death to obtain glory and save their people. The Anglo-Saxon hero needed to possess all ofRead MoreEpic Heroism Is Epitomized By The Anglo Saxon Warrior1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe remarkable Anglo-Saxon warrior Beowulf, the protagonist of a powerful poem named for this exemplar. True to a legendary hero, Beowulf embodies qualities of virtue and strength that are unparalleled in the common man. His youth is characterized by awesome displays of physical strength, unmatched by others. Beyond his brawny, unyielding exterior, there exists a compilation of equally mighty virtues that endure and motivate him throughout his life. Beowulf is compe lled by loyalty, lineage andRead MoreBeowulf : The Epic Poem From The Anglo Saxon Period950 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeowulf, the longest epic poem from the Anglo-Saxon period, has a protagonist named Beowulf. A hero of the Geats and forthcoming king, the title character comes to the aid of Hrothgar, king of the Danes, whose kingdom was under attack by a monster known as Grendel. Both are great kings, wise and noble, but what truly makes a king great? Is it the accolades or honors that one receives or does it go beyond that? Two different cultures, two different men, but two great kings; Beowulf was describedRead MoreGrendel And Beowulf Comparison1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDaddy like the hero Beowulf or the monster Grendel? The answer can be found by comparing my Daddy, Beowulf, and Grendel on their character, actions, and the impact they have on others. A persons character says a lot about them, in a way it is what defines them. Your character is what you are known for. Beowulf, a fictional hero in the epic poem, Ã¢â¬Å"BeowulfÃ¢â¬ is perceived to be a very noble, honorable, good man. No, man would not do justice, for he is a hero. A strong and courageous hero who stands by
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Adolescence Development Adolescence development is the period where the growth of a child occurs after childhood and before adulthood. The ages are from 12 to 18 years. This period is one of the most crucial times in an adolescent life. They experience serious changes such as physical, sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity and the skills needed to have adult relationships and roles during this time. While this period is a time of tremendous growth and development, it is also a time of risk during which social environments apply powerful influences. Adolescents depend on their families, communities, schools, and their friends to learn a wide range of important skills that can help them cope with any problems they may face and make the transition from childhood to adulthood successfully. Parents, friends, and the community, has the ability to promote adolescent development and to get involved when problems arise. According to Rogers, adolescence begins from ages 10-12 and last until age 18. During this time there are many changes that take place which can cause many problems to occur for families and the individual (Rogers, 2013). During the development in adolescence, they are trying to find their identity and independence. Adolescences also develop the ability to understand abstract ideas, establish and maintain satisfying relationships. Their cognitive ability become more complex and they are able to use logic and reason when makingShow MoreRelatedPsychology1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages------------------------------------------------- Childhood to Adolescence Development ------------------------------------------------- Monica Rodriguez-Sosa ------------------------------------------------- University of Houston Ã¢â¬â Downtown Introduction As we age and grow in life, we constantly change in many different aspects. It is natural for humans to develop new ways of thinking, being, and feeling. At childhood, we might have show certain behaviors that we do not show in adolescence. Not only does our behaviorRead MoreAdolescence Is The Most Important Stages Of Human Development1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestake part during human development; adolescence is one of the most important stages because it is the period that follows humansÃ¢â¬â¢ development from child to adult. According to Clause (2013), adolescence is broken up into biological, cognitive, and emotional stages. These aspects of adolescence are individually important because, it defines oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality and character as an individual and, it affects their future. Most people do not realize how big of an impact adolescence has; however, this essayRead MoreAdolescence and Early Adulthood Essay1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolescence is often considered a time of confusion, rebellion, and problems. While this can occur, most people emerge from adolescence without any problems and successfully navigate the changes that accompany adolescence. Researchers do seem to agree that there are a lot of changes that take place during adolescence, but it does not always mean that it is an unpleasant time in the lives of humans (Santrock, 2011). As children enter adolescence they will experience neurological, hormonal, andRead MoreDevelopment Stages Of Adolescence And Adolescent Sub Stages1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshelpful to us in following ways : Ã¯Æ'Ë it will explain the nature and development stages of the adolescence. Ã¯Æ'Ë it will enlist the development task during the adolescence . Ã¯Æ'Ë it will explain the behavioral issues , challenges ,factors effecting the adolescence . Ã¯Æ'Ë also discuss the gender disparity and phenomenon of the generation gap . ________________________________________ Adolescence: Concept of adolescence: adolescence is the dramatically evolving theoretical construct informed throughRead MoreThe Process of Adolescent Development Essay1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Adolescence is a transition which has no fixed time limits. However, the changes that occur at this time are so significant that it is useful to talk about adolescence as a distinct period of human life cycle. This period ranges from biological changes to changes in behavior and social status, thus making it difficult to specify its limits exactly (Damon, 2008). Adolescence begins with puberty, i.e. a series of physiological changes that lead to full development of the sexual organsRead MoreHuman, Social, And Moral Development1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand implementation. While prevention and intervention efforts are important during all stages of life, they are especially important during childhood and adolescence, when risk factors may be more easily avoided and protective factors can be established that may last a lifetime (Cohen, ChaÃ vez, Chehimi, 2007). Brain, human, social, and moral development are critical to prevention program design and implementation. Developmental knowledge helps prevention professionals predict behavior and facilitateRead MoreChild Needs For A Child s Life1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA child needs to grow in an environment where their physical, emotional, social and educational needs are met. Many parents are working full time and find it difficult to find a balance to give all the things a child requires in the period of age where they are exploring a lot of changes and need support to help them from being confused and feel lonely. Adolescence is the period between 11 to 19 years of age. This is the period when children start asking questions and are able to make possible judgmentsRead MoreLearning Styles And Sociocultural Influences On Child And Adolescent Development1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis essay will describe child and adolescent behaviours reported in the media and will examine the link to development theories, learning styles and sociocultural influences on child and adolescent development. As a developing seconda ry school preserve teacher, my focus will be mainly on adolescent behaviours and development. I will be examining an article from a media how these developmental theories analyses and helps us to understand the behaviour of child and adolescents. I will also try toRead MoreThe Brilliant Club Final Assignment1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe information without changing the meaning and make sure it will have the source links at the bottom of the essay. It will show images of the brain at different ages. It will show; development of the brain, consequences of adolescence for example drink driving, what is fMRI, sMRI, PET and EEG. Main During adolescence the teenagers become more risky (take more risks), the frontal lobe (the brakes) are not fully developed so it canÃ¢â¬â¢t cope with the temporal lobe (accelerator) which canÃ¢â¬â¢t control itselfRead MoreParenting Style Affects Our Lifelong Brain Development Essay1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesauthoritative, neglectful, permissive, and authoritarian. Most of us spend at least 18 years or longer with our parent(s) so it leads to a question that if parenting style affects our lifelong brain development. Authoritative parents are demanding and responding. They are being supportive, accepting, and child centred. Authoritarian parents are highly demanding and not responding. They give orders to their children, require them to obey it, and follow the rules that they have given. Permissive parents
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Khaled Salem Prof. Pessin ENGL113A Mar 11, 2015 Life in Los Angele Zoo Last weekend, I began researching the ethnography of Los Angeles Zoo and observed the humans and animals interacting. Los Angeles Zoo includes Botanical Garden which has many entertainment activities for visitors. It also offers many shows, such as Angela Collier World of Birds Theater and Elephant Training Demonstration. Los Angeles Zoo has decent selection of animals anyone can enjoy seeing them. The zoo lies on the north of Los Angeles. It is next to Western Heritage Way, and behind Autry National Center and Museum. There are several parks surround the Los Angeles Zoo like Griffith Park, Wilson Golf Course, and Mount Sinai Memorial Park. This area is completely covered by trees and grasses. This shape gives the visitor an imaginary picture of real rainforest. There some notes on the visitors parking that it is not enough, so the visitors tend to park their cars in another spot and walk about four minute to arrive. Always arrive early to not wait for a while to get tickets. There are several zoos exist in other places. For example, San Diego Zoo is one of the most attractive park in whole California. San Diego Zoo is huge park of wild animals in Babloa Park. It has over 3,700 exotic animals of 650 species. I visited San Diego Zoo last summer, and I noticed how amazing it is. Also, it has polar bear and giant panda which is not existed in Los Angeles zoo. San Diego zoo divided to seven spaces andShow MoreRelatedThe Mind of a Marketing Manager26114 Words Ã |Ã 105 Pages Create an approach to do this profitably and in a sustainable way There are three dimensions to a market strategy: * Where to play - a rigorous analysis of emerging and existing markets, future profit streams and competitive intensity, leading to choices of which markets to focus on, and which not. * How to compete - in terms of what to offer customers, how to offer it, and how to be Read MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagestheory focuses attention on the human issues in organization Ã¢â¬ËThere is nothing so practical as a good theoryÃ¢â¬â¢ How Roethlisberger developed a Ã¢â¬ËpracticalÃ¢â¬â¢ organization theory Column 1: The core contributing social sciences Column 2: The techniques for analysis Column 3: The neo-modernist perspective Column 4: Contributions to business and management Four combinations of science, scientific technique and the neo-modernist approach reach different parts of the organization Level 1: Developing the organization
Women make up half of the United states population according to the US census bureau, however women have been historically underrepresented in the business environment (7. US census). If women could overcome the challenges that seem to affect them in business they could become an integral part of the future workforce as it grows in many women based industries. What challenges could be holding women back from their full potential in the business world? The first part of my research question to be addressed that would allow an adequate understanding of the subject would be to find the challenges that specifically women as a gender group may face in business, I believe this will help to understand what effects they have on the challenges that African American Women(AAW) face. Although women owned business have been steadily increasing rapidly in growth in the US economy there are certain challenges that specifically African American women have been found to have to face that may hinder them from reaching the same potential afforded their male counterparts. In a journal writing written by the international labor organization(ILO) they focused on these challenges that women business owners face and some of these specific questions were addressed. (8 I.L.O) Gender inequality has had a huge impact on american history. Women have struggled to advance in numbers in the business world for various reasons including gender discrimination. The International Labor Organization (ILO)Show MoreRelatedChallenges Faced By African Americans990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Challenges that Confronted African Americans Vincent Signorile U.S. History II Professor Parkin 13 February 2017 Ida B. Wells produced powerful evidence to try to persuade people to support her anti-lynching campaign. This study will focus on how the pamphlets in this Royster collection show the challenges faced by African Americans. One of the primary focuses is about lynching and what the African American community response is to lynching. Another areaRead MoreFacilitating Career Planning for African American Women in Organizational Leadership1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessequester, the challenge to most nonprofits is to compete for every available charitable dollar. Chief Executive Officers (CEO) of nonprofits must not only be skillful in maximizing the outcomes with fewer dollars, but also politically savvy in vying for monies for federal, state, local, foundation, and private funding sources. Because of this conundrum, political, academic, and social connections become increasing important to nonprofits in order to stay in business. African American women may be theRead MoreThe War On The Home Front1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe home front, was African Americans and women. Both of these groups faced many challenges, but both seen the war as a gateway into regular, white male society. Ã¢â¬Å"With the advent of WWII, African Americans saw a further opportunity to press their cause. Hundreds of thousands went to war, with the expectation that their service would earn them equal rights, once and for all.Ã¢â¬ (Many Rivers to Cross) When reflecting on the past though, African Americans have fought in every American war since the revolutionRead MoreThe Freedom Of Slaves By Tera W. Hunter1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesafter the civil war. While African American slaves have granted their Ã¢â¬Å"legalÃ¢â¬ freedom with the passing of the executive order of Emancipation Proclamati on in 1863, the Ã¢â¬Å"joy to [their] freedomÃ¢â¬ or the joy from that Ã¢â¬Å"legally grantedÃ¢â¬ freedom was far from the reach of many former slaves. In fact, the idea of Ã¢â¬Ëattaining freedomÃ¢â¬â¢ would have been tenebrous without the participation of slaves themselves in several ways and forms. HunterÃ¢â¬â¢s book depicts the journey of African American slaves and their struggleRead MoreAfrican American Women Living With Hiv Aids1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRunning Head: AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN LIVING WITH HIV AIDS 1 AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN LIVING WITH HIV AIDS 9 African American Women Living with HIV/AIDS Ruth Dionne Davis SCWK 620 Winthrop University Department of Social Work Abstract HIV/AIDS is a major concern in the African American community. African American women have the highest incidence rate of HIV infection with a steady increase over the years. Extreme poverty, unemployment, underemploymentRead MoreCommunication Between African American Mothers and Their Daughters1740 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAfrican American Mothers and Their Daughters Introduction A girls communication and relationship with her mother are influential to her development and well-being. Communication between mother and daughter entails sending, receiving and comprehending each other intended message. According to Belgrave (2009), majority of girls report positive relationships with their mothers. Most girls learn from their mothers. This is because mothers teach and socialize with their daughters regarding any facetRead MoreEffects Of The White Standards Of Beauty On African American Women923 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHairstyles that the Africa American population came up with has either had an inspiration or they were criticized from other ethics as well. Stereotypes are the main reason why Africa American hair is judged so hard. 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Binsey Poplars And Nutting Comparative Poetry Essay These lessons resonate soundly with modern readers who, due to increased awareness and education, tend to be more concerned with conservation than the poets contemporary readership. In Binges Poplars the poet laments the loss of the poplars that grew along the banks of the Thames, from Oxford to the small village of Binges which were felled in 1879. The poem is a dirge, an elegy for a landscape that Hopkins had known intimately while studying at Oxford, and thus its loss was keenly felt. The poem opens with My aspens dear The excessive pronoun MY and the adjective dear capture from the outset the poets sense of extreme personal loss his cherished and beloved trees are now All felled, felled, are all felled. This dramatic line, with its repetition of the pronoun All and the verb felled is powerful in its sense of grief and sorrow. All is an absolute term, and the triple structure combined with the monosyllabic words creates almost an onomatopoeic effect, the accented syllabic remini scent of the devastating repeated blows of an axe. Further, the alliterative f sound in Of a fresh and following folded ann. sounds crisp and energetic alive, like the trees. In addition, the personification of the trees effectively depicts them as if they are marching in formation tall, dignified and proud which makes the following line all the more distressing as they are: Not spared, not one, likening them to an entire army of soldiers obliterated. The repetition of the absolute determiner Not intensifies Hopkins sense of complete and utter destruction and devastation at the senseless massacre of the trees. The message is clarified in: After-comers cannot guess the beauty been. /Ten r twelve, only ten or twelve/Strokes of havoc unsolved. The poet states that the loss of these trees affects not only the present but also the future. The heavy plosive alliteration of beauty been, effectively captures a sense of finality the loss is irrevocable. Furthermore, the adverb only in only ten or twelve shows how quickly and easily we, humanity, can forever destroy the beauty of nature. The metaphorical Strokes of havoc is highly reminiscent of torture as one envisages lashes of a whip, an extraordinarily painful punishment inflicted on the innocent trees. The noun havoc is suggestive of chaos and disorder, and the employment of such highly emotive diction forces the reader to see the injustice, the criminality of such wanton destruction. Additionally as some critics have noted, the verb unsolved represents the idea of selling Hopkins view that the very being of a natural object is an expression of God. To unsolved thus reflects that even a slight alteration can cause a thing to cease to be what it most essentially is; thus, the whole countryside is unsolved by the loss of the trees, ceasing to be what God intended. Through the poets personal and dramatic portrayal of his loss, the reader is able to appreciate the importance of conservation nature is more than Just trees, it is spiritual and wondrous and should be cherished and valued as an expression of God. Wordsmiths Uniting, presents a recount of an experience from the poets childhood where an innocent Uniting adventure turns into an experience which teaches the poet a valuable and lasting lesson. The day began as heavenly and this powerful adjective immediately creates a magical and otherworldly feel to the situation. The ay sets off with his uniting crook in hand and sallies forth in search of hazelnuts. The verb sallied immediately sets a very purposeful tone, as if the boy is setting out on a noble quest or mission, almost reminiscent of a fairytale hero. However, he is described as force way through the woods until he reaches a dear nook/Unvisited. The verb forced has connotations of him imposing himself on his surroundings in a way that is overbearing and unwanted. The Unvisited nook is pristine virginal perfection, where not a broken bough/Drops with its withered eaves. Rather the hazels rose/Tall and erect, with milk-white clusters hung. The verb rose and the adjectives tall and erect make the trees seem strong, noble and proud, similar to the initial presentation of the trees in Binges Poplars. The milk-white clusters are symbolic of purity and innocence, contributing to his excited exclamation: A virgin scene! The boy stands transfixed, Breathing with such suppression of the heart/ As Joy delights in. The heart is the symbolic centre of all emotion and thus his actively suppress breathing, exacerbated by the intensifier such captures his almost disturbing level of excitement with regard to the purity of this scene. He ini tially banquet with wise restraint. This metaphor presents the scene as a whole as a delicious feast, the prospect of which he is savoring, captured in the adjective wise and noun restraint, which make it sound like it is an effort for him to maintain control, like the temptation may soon overpower him at this point, however, the reader has no idea that nature as a pure and divine force has ignited his insatiable desire to control and tame it. He savors he scene for as long as possible before finally succumbing to his rapacious primal urges. Suddenly he takes action, presented though the purposeful short monosyllabic clause: Then up I rose. The line break after rose is effective in delaying the reader slightly to further heighten the horror which the boy is about to unleash on the scene. He drag to earth both branch and bough and merciless ravage the entire scene. The verb drag is similar to the earlier verb forced which in hindsight foreshadows this display of destruction, dominance and devastation. The hard alliterative b sound in both branch and bough has a similar effect as the repetition of all and felled in Hopkins Binges Poplars in the sense that the repeated plosive captures the destruction in an auditory manner, like the sound of repeated blows. The adjective merciless and the noun ravage are also reminiscent of Hopkins poem in his presentation of the trees as an obliterated army, Not spared, not one. The boy attacks and wreaks havoc on the trees without mercy. The scene is now deformed and sullied beyond recognition, and has patiently succumbed its quiet being to his attack. The adjective sullied has connotations of defilement he has damaged the purity of the scene. The adverb patiently and adjective quiet are poignant in that they capture the inherent tranquility of this scene, abused and tainted by the boys rapacious desire to destroy the innocence of mother nature has been defiled. Edward VI - Young, Gifted and King EssayButler, these lines seem more like an invitation, an invitation for the dearest maiden whom he addresses to partake of the woods, to enjoy them, but not to disturb them. The imperative verb move is encouraging in tone. The respective noun and adjective gentleness and gentle are the poets guiding words he has learnt a valuable lesson which he wishes to share with her. The symbolic reference to heart is indicative of our feelings towards nature, in the sense that we should value nature in an emotional and spiritual sense, as an entity which should be treated with respect, similar to the sentiments presented by Hopkins. Gentle hand is a reference to how we interact with nature; how we must take care not to negatively assert our dominance over it in a way that is undesirable. The final line begins with another imperative verb: Touch, which is followed by both a comma and a dash, which creates an extended pause which allows the reader to let th e word, with its soft t, indicative of lightness, gentleness, caresses, sink in returning us to the initial reverence and wise restraint that had been practiced without understanding. Now the poet fully understands the respect and moderation required of them in their dealings with nature. The final clause, for there is a Spirit in the woods, again presents nature as a spiritual entity, which is further pronounced due to the capitalization of Spirit which makes nature seem alive, mystical and enigmatic. Similar to the ideas presented by Hopkins, the structure and form of Uniting is successful in teaching us to see nature as a pure and divine force which should be treated with great care and consideration. Further effective features employed by Hopkins in Binges Poplars are his use of forceful verbs, rhyme and punctuation. A fine example is exemplified in the lines O if we but knew what we do/When we delve or hew Hack and rack the growing green! The harsh monosyllabic verbs delve, hew, hack and rack are indicative of not only mans destructive influence, but also carry torturous connotations, emphasized further by the internal rhyme of Hack and rack. Furthermore, the poets placement of Hack at the beginning of the line places more emphasis on this violent and vehement verb which has connotations of a frenzied and bloody attack which he applies to the fate of the Binges Poplars, thus effectively condemning their obliteration. The use of the dash following hew before the line break is effective in creating an extended pause, which also contributes to the additional emphasis placed on the violent verb Hack. The exclamation mark following the alliterative growing green! Is effective in u pturning the poets indignation with regard to the loss of the trees. The verb growing, presented in the continuous tense reminds the reader of the fact that nature is not inanimate it is alive and thus it is sinful to destroy it. Additionally, the adjective green is symbolic of health, life, growth and vitality. Clearly this is a poem that examines nature from an ecological point of view. The often heartless industrialization of the nineteenth century prompted Hopkins and others to contemplate what was being lost to cutting and clearing. Hopkins notes how quickly ND unexpectedly such destruction in the name of progress can take place and sees the irony in the finality of such hasty, heedless action. In Uniting, in contrast to Binges Poplars, Wordsmith employs language and techniques to create not only a feeling of intimacy between the boy and his surroundings but also to further develop the virginity of the scene before its untimely destruction. The boy sits beneath the tree and plays with the flowers. Flowers symbolize beauty and vibrancy, life and love. The verb playa sounds harmless, innocent, youthful at this point the boy is imply interacting with the scene. However, critic Adam L. Forsyth has suggested that the flowers symbolize virginity and that the boy play with them, in the active voice is forewarning of the figurative rape of the scene which follows. Also, the boy feels blessed/With sudden happiness beyond all hope. The adjective blessed and the noun happiness presented in the hyperbole are indicative of a complete state of blissful contentment. The narrative then moves into fantasy as the boy imagines fairy water-breaks which murmur on/For ever. This move into the mystical, which s supported by the soft onomatopoeic murmur and the tranquil hyperbole For ever, makes it seem like the scene is some sort of mythical utopia. The boy feels like he sees the sparkling foam, with the adjective sparkling creating a magical and glittering twinkle which gives the scene a sense of brilliance. He places his cheek on green stone fleece d with moss, beneath the shady trees that L round scattered like a flock of sheep. At this point the boy seems at one with the scene as his cheek lies on a green stone, which reflects his apparent closeness with nature. The metaphor fleeced with moss makes the stone seem soft, peaceful, comforting. Furthermore the simile, which compares the trees to a flock of sheep is effective in that this is a pastoral image which has connotations of peace and calm. The boy hears the murmur and the murmuring sounds, and this repetition creates a sort o lulling, lullaby effect which creates an effective contrast with the imminence of the boys sudden compulsion to destroy. Wordsmiths use of this plethora of technique is effective in terms of Juxtaposing the boys deep appreciation of the scene with his seduction of it, which shocks the reader in its intense violence.